The original property of Wickliffe was part of the historic Brooklandwood estate owned by Charles Carroll. In 1912, Dr. and Mrs. Walter Wickes purchased 182 acres of the estate and hired Baltimore architect, Wilson L. Smith, to design a stone residence, which they would call Wickcliffe. Wickcliffe is a carefully designed replica of a late medieval house, retaining much of the flavor of a fortified English home but allowing use of many windows. It is similar in design to Warwick Castle in England.
The principle rooms of the first story were carefully designed to include wall paneling, doors, ceilings, mantels, light fixtures and other details authentic to the Tudor period. Many of these elements as well as the furnishings were imported from England and the stone for the house was quarried at Bare Hills south of Brooklandville on Falls Road. Completed in 1916, Wickcliffe took two years to finish and cost $250,000 to build. At the time, it attracted a great deal of interest not only because of its Tudor-style architecture but because it was reportedly the “largest private residence in this part of the country.”
The Wickes raised their son and four daughters at Wickcliffe. In 1945, shortly after Mrs. Wickes died, the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur bought Wickcliffe for use as a Catholic boarding school at a cost of $75,000. When Dr. Wickes sold Wickcliffe, he left most of the furnishings in the Great Hall and the entrance hall. The furniture is mainly Renaissance and Gothic in style with a few period pieces probably dated between the1500s and 1600s.
The school opened on September 9, 1945 with twelve borders and eight day students, with almost every class of grades one to twelve represented. Maryvale was a boarding and day school for pre-primary through high school until June 1954, when no new borders were accepted. The last boarders graduated in 1956. From 1948 to 1972 Maryvale accepted boys in grades K to 8. The school continued to evolve until 1976 when it became the school it is today, educating young women in grades 6-12.